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May 2024

New challenges and opportunities for Việt Nam’s rice exports

Exporters remain worried that supply might not be enough to meet demand which is increasing in many countries.

  Compiled by Hồng Nhung

Since the beginning of August, export prices have risen to more than US$660 per tonne. — VNA/VNS Photo

HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam is looking to increase the volume and revenue of rice exports in the remaining months of this year, but a wide range of hindrances are looming on the horizon.

Last July, India banned rice exports, a move that is widely seen as a golden opportunity for Việt Nam to bolster rice shipments abroad.

As of August, the country had exported nearly six million tonnes of rice, the highest amount ever recorded, up 20 per cent year-on-year and accounting for 89 per cent of the target set for the whole year, according to the General Department of Việt Nam Customs.

This brought Việt Nam’s total rice export turnover in the first eight months to almost US$3.2 billion, a year-on-year increase of 34 per cent.

China, Ghana, Indonesia and the Philippines were the largest buyers of Vietnamese rice.

However, along with exports, Việt Nam needs to ensure food security in the domestic market, and balance supply and demand.

Exporters remain worried that supply might not be enough to meet demand which is increasing in many countries.

Under Directive No. 24 on ensuring national food security, and promoting sustainable rice exports, Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính ordered the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development to work with stakeholders in the industry to branch out large-scale and high-quality rice production, and keep a close watch on the weather conditions to adjust production plans to ensure a paddy output of over 43 million tonnes in 2023.

Đỗ Hà Nam, deputy chairman of the Việt Nam Food Association (VFA), said following the Prime Minister’s Directive in response to the supply shortage situation in the world, the association recommended enterprises to increase food reserves, and set aside 70 per cent of the rice volume to serve domestic demand.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry and Trade ordered its trade offices in foreign countries to keep a close watch on the global rice market so as to have sufficient information to provide for authorities who are responsible for outlining suitable production plans in the future.

Rice prices fluctuate

Despite concerted efforts from relevant sides to regulate the market, rice prices have fluctuated in recent days.

In a report to the Prime Minister, the VFA said exporters were facing formidable challenges to fulfil their contracts as a hike in rice price has put Việt Nam’s rice supply chain in tatters.

Since the beginning of August, export prices have risen to more than $660 per tonne. However, with the domestic prices hovering around $660-680, exporters find it difficult to fulfil their signed contracts.

At the conference concerning rice export in the first half of the year held in Cần Thơ City, Minister of Industry and Trade Nguyễn Hồng Diên said that rice export management in a highly volatile market should ensure national food security and stabilisation of domestic consumption.

He also stressed that an increase in rice exports is a golden opportunity to expand markets, and affirm the brand of Vietnamese rice in the world, especially in new markets.

With a view to seizing the opportunity to increase exports, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has asked localities nationwide to increase production. Accordingly, the Mekong Delta is speeding up the production of fall-winter rice crops, with an expected increase of 50,000 hectares over last year, reaching 700,000 hectares.  

Việt Nam is likely to enjoy a bumper rice crop if there are no widespread diseases and natural disasters.

Việt Nam eyes 7.5 million tonnes in rice exports

Evaluating the domestic demand and production capability, Trần Duy Đông, director of the Foreign Trade Agency under the Ministry of Industry and Trade, said that Việt Nam would be able to ship some 7.5 million tonnes of rice abroad in 2023.

If the target is met, Việt Nam would gain more money for socio-economic development, while affirming its role in ensuring global food security as it has committed at the United Nations (UN).

At the UN Security Council’s open debate on August 3, Ambassador Đặng Hoàng Giang, permanent representative of Việt Nam to the UN, affirmed that Việt Nam would continue making contributions to ensuring global food security by maintaining exports of rice and other agricultural products.

The commitment was applauded by the international community in the context that famine and risks of food insecurity are plaguing many parts of the world due to armed conflicts.

The Vietnamese diplomat highlighted that Việt Nam was also working to ensure food security in the domestic market, seeing this as a target and a measure to boost its socio-economic development. 

Việt Nam lifted its way out of the list of countries that suffered the most from hunger, and has become a rice exporter since 1989. The country has exported more than one million tonnes of rice every year since 1989, and been among the three biggest rice exporters in the world until 2022. — VNS QR Code

Published Date: September 25, 2023

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